SMS Baden

For the earlier ironclad warship, see SMS Baden (1880).

Baden, with her main battery trained to port

History

German Empire

Name:
SMS Baden

Namesake:
Baden

Builder:
Schichau-Werke

Laid down:
20 December 1913

Launched:
30 October 1915

Commissioned:
14 March 1917

Fate:

Beached in Gutter Sound, Scapa Flow, 21 June 1919
Sunk as target 16 August 1921

General characteristics

Class and type:
Bayern-class battleship

Displacement:
32,200 t (31,700 long tons)

Length:
180 m (590 ft 7 in)

Beam:
30 m (98 ft 5 in)

Draft:
9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)

Installed power:
34,521 shaft horsepower (25,742 kW)

Propulsion:
3 × Schichau steam turbines, three shafts

Speed:
21 kn (39 km/h; 24 mph)

Range:
5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)

Complement:

42 officers
1,129 enlisted men

Armament:

8 × 38 cm (15 in) guns
16 × 15 cm (5.9 in) guns
2 × 8.8 cm (3.5 in) guns
5 × 60 cm (24 in) torpedo tubes

Armor:

Belt: 170 to 350 mm (6.7 to 13.8 in)
Deck: 60 to 100 mm (2.4 to 3.9 in)
Turrets: 350 mm

SMS Baden[a] was a Bayern-class dreadnought battleship of the German Imperial Navy built during World War I. Launched in October 1915 and completed in March 1917, she was the last battleship completed for use in the war; two of her sisters—Sachsen and Württemberg—were incomplete when the war ended. The ship mounted eight 38-centimeter (15 in) guns in four twin turrets, displaced 32,200 metric tons (31,700 long tons; 35,500 short tons) at full combat load, and had a top speed of 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph). Along with her sister Bayern, Baden was the largest and most powerfully armed battleship built by the Imperial Navy.
Upon commissioning into the High Seas Fleet, Baden was made the fleet flagship, replacing Friedrich der Grosse. Baden saw little action during her short career; the only major sortie in April 1918 ended without any combat. Following the German collapse in November 1918, Baden was interned with the majority of the High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow by the British Royal Navy. On 21 June 1919, Rear Admiral Ludwig von Reuter ordered the scuttling of the fleet. However, British sailors in the harbor managed to board Baden and beach her to prevent her sinking. The ship was refloated, thoroughly examined, and eventually sunk in extens