Royal Society for Public Health

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RSPH logo

The Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) is an independent, multi-disciplinary charity in Great Britain dedicated to the improvement of the public’s health and wellbeing. Formed in October 2008 with the merger of the Royal Society of Health and the Royal Institute of Public Health, it helps inform policy and practice, working to educate, empower and support communities and individuals to live healthily. Its vision is that everyone has the opportunity to optimise their health and wellbeing.
RSPH’s Chief Executive is Shirley Cramer CBE, while the current president is Lord Hunt of King’s Heath; current vice presidents are Baroness Cumberlege, Baroness Massey of Darwen, and Lord Patel of Bradford. It has a Royal Charter, with Her Majesty the Queen as its Patron, and is governed by a Council of Trustees, all of whom are RSPH members.


1 History
2 Membership
3 Qualifications
4 Conferences and training
5 Accreditation
6 Campaigning
7 See also
8 External links

The Royal Society of Health, also known as the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, was established in 1876 following the landmark Public Health Act of 1875. Previously known as the Sanitary Institute (1876-1904) and the Royal Sanitary Institute (1904–55), it was created during a period of great change within the areas of public health provision and sanitary reform to which it contributed significantly.
During its first fifty years, the Society became the leading public health organization both in Great Britain and the rest of the world. It was soon renowned for events and conferences on pioneering and topical issues, and developed qualifications for people working in public health professions. By the 1950s, the Society was a leading authority in its field, and was regularly consulted by governments and the international press on health-related issues. Since the 1970s, the Society has focused its activities on the most successful areas of its work – examinations, certification, and the journals Public Health and Perspectives in Public Health.
Today, RSPH is the longest-established public health organisation in the United Kingdom. It is incorporated by Royal Charter completely independent of government and of any spe

Phil Lewis (baseball)

Phil Marty


Born: (1883-10-07)October 7, 1883
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Died: August 8, 1959(1959-08-08) (aged 75)
Port Wentworth, Georgia

Batted: Right
Threw: Right

MLB debut

April 14, 1905, for the Brooklyn Superbas

Last MLB appearance

September 29, 1908, for the Brooklyn Superbas

MLB statistics

Batting average

Home runs

Runs batted in


Brooklyn Superbas (1905–1908)

Philip Lewis (October 7, 1883 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – August 8, 1959 in Port Wentworth, Georgia), was a professional baseball player who played shortstop from 1905 to 1908 for the Brooklyn Superbas. He attended Cornell University and served in World War I.
External links[edit]

Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)

This biographical article relating to an American baseball shortstop is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.



Jim Thornton

For other people named James Thornton, see James Thornton.

Jim Thornton

Huntington, West Virginia, U.S.

Los Angeles, California, U.S.

Radio/television announcer

Years active

Susan Thornton

Sam Thornton

Jim Thornton is an American television, radio announcer and voice actor. He is known for his voiceover work in video games, movies and TV shows.


1 Early life and career

1.1 Education
1.2 Game show announcer
1.3 Voiceover work

2 Filmography

2.1 TV series
2.2 Shorts
2.3 Movies
2.4 Video games

3 References
4 External links

Early life and career[edit]
Born in Huntington, West Virginia, he graduated from Huntington High School in 1983 and then moved to Los Angeles in 1984 where he would start his broadcasting career a year later. He also has a degree in linguistics from Marshall University.[1]
Thornton is best known as the afternoon anchor on all-news radio KNX 1070 in Los Angeles, having been promoted from traffic reporting. He has also announced on Celebrity Deathmatch and did narration in a portion of Monsters, Inc.[2]
Game show announcer[edit]
Thornton did substitute announcing work on The Price Is Right following the death of former announcer Rod Roddy. In December 2010, he auditioned for the same role on Wheel of Fortune following the death of the show’s announcer Charlie O’Donnell, and was confirmed as the show’s new announcer on June 13, 2011.[3][4] Because of this job, Thornton has scaled back from his job at KNX.[4]
Voiceover work[edit]
Thornton provides the voice of Johnny Gomez in Celebrity Deathmatch, A Christmas Caroller in Rugrats, and Announcer in The Cleveland Show. He also appeared in video games where he provided Additional Voice over work for Hitman: Blood Money and as a DJ in Mafia II. He also appeared in movies where he also provides Additional voice over work for Monsters, Inc..
TV series[edit]

Celebrity Deathmatch – Johnny Gomez
Channel 2 Action News – Traffic Reporter
Rugrats – Christmas Caroller
The Cleveland Show – Announcer, Additional voices
The Price is Right – Himself – Try-Out Announcer
The Soup – Himself – Announcer
Tim & Eric Awesome Show, Great Job! – Himself – Announcer
Wheel of Fortune – Himself – Announcer, Guest Announcer


Let’s Pollute – Narrator


Monsters, Inc. – Additional voices

Video games[edit]

Hitman: Blood Money – Additional voices
Mafia II – D

Photoacoustic imaging

Schematic illustration of photoacoustic imaging.

Photoacoustic imaging (optoacoustic imaging) is a biomedical imaging modality based on the photoacoustic effect. In photoacoustic imaging, non-ionizing laser pulses are delivered into biological tissues (when radio frequency pulses are used, the technology is referred to as thermoacoustic imaging). Some of the delivered energy will be absorbed and converted into heat, leading to transient thermoelastic expansion and thus wideband (i.e. MHz) ultrasonic emission. The generated ultrasonic waves are detected by ultrasonic transducers and then analyzed to produce images. It is known that optical absorption is closely associated with physiological properties, such as hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation.[1] As a result, the magnitude of the ultrasonic emission (i.e. photoacoustic signal), which is proportional to the local energy deposition, reveals physiologically specific optical absorption contrast. 2D or 3D images of the targeted areas can then be formed.[2] Fig. 1 is a schematic illustration showing the basic principles of photoacoustic imaging.


1 Biomedical imaging
2 Photoacoustic computed tomography

2.1 General equation
2.2 Universal reconstruction algorithm
2.3 Simple system
2.4 Biomedical applications

2.4.1 Brain lesion detection
2.4.2 Hemodynamics monitoring
2.4.3 Breast cancer diagnosis

3 Photoacoustic microscopy
4 See also
5 References
6 External links

Biomedical imaging[edit]

Fig. 2. Absorption spectra of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin.

The optical absorption in biological tissues can be due to endogenous molecules such as hemoglobin or melanin, or exogenously delivered contrast agents. As an example, Fig. 2 shows the optical absorption spectra of oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hb) in the visible and near infrared region.[3] Since blood usually has orders of magnitude higher absorption than surrounding tissues, there is sufficient endogenous contrast for photoacoustic imaging to visualize blood vessels. Recent studies have shown that photoacoustic imaging can be used in vivo for tumor angiogenesis monitoring, blood oxygenation mapping, functional brain imaging, skin melanoma detection, methemoglobin measuring, etc.[2]

Primary contrast



Photoacoustic microscopy
50 M
Optical absorption

Photoacoustic tomography
5 M
Optical absorption

Confocal microscopy


David McLane

For the American merchant hanged as a French spy by the British, see David McLane (merchant).

David McLane

David McLane


Wrestling promoter, television producer

Years active

Known for
Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling (GLOW)
Women of Wrestling (WOW)
Pro Beach Hockey
World Roller Hockey League
World Wrestling Association (WWA)
Triple Crown of Polo (TCP)

David B. McLane is an American businessman, known primarily as a wrestling promoter and television producer. He was the creator of the Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling and WOW! Women of Wrestling, both nationally syndicated series. He also created the ESPN series of the World Roller Hockey League, Pro Beach Hockey and the Triple Crown of Polo. All of these programs are termed “properties” under his company banner David McLane Enterprises, Inc.[1]


1 Early life
2 Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling
3 Roller Hockey
4 Women of Wrestling
5 Polo
6 Marketing
7 References
8 Further reading
9 External links

Early life[edit]
McLane grew up watching professional wrestling on television with his older brothers and attended live events in his hometown of Indianapolis. As a teenager he launched the Dick the Bruiser Fan Club, selling photographs of the wrestling star and other local professional wrestlers through mail order.[2] Bruiser brought McLane in to work in the office of Bruiser’s Indianapolis-based wrestling promotion World Wrestling Association (WWA). There he learned the ropes of promotion and marketing, eventually became the ring announcer and match commentator.[3]
While continuing to work for the WWA, McLane started his own promotional company to promote live events and concerts throughout the Midwest, including the stadium presentation of the Budweiser Country Concert Tour and marketing of such groups as New Edition[4] in select markets.
While looking at other ideas to promote, McLane pushed for more serious storylines among the women wrestlers of the promotion including Princess Jasmine and Candi Devine.
Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling[edit]
McLane began the first-ever all women’s wrestling television program in 1986, the Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling (GLOW). GLOW was a syndication ratings success, achieving superior ratings to the WWF’s syndicated Superstars series, which launched at the same time and was frequently shown in adjacent timeslots on the same stations. Shot in a showroom at the Riviera Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, the show garn

Vito Pallavicini

Vito Pallavicini (22 April 1924 – 16 August 2007) was an Italian lyricist.
Born in Vigevano, he wrote numerous songs, during his career for Adriano Celentano (Azzurro), Caterina Caselli (Insieme a te non ci sto più) and many others.[1] He died at the age of 83.

^ Laffranchi, Andrea (17 August 2007). “È morto Pallavicini paroliere di “Azzurro” e “Le mille bolle blu””. Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities
VIAF: 10273486
LCCN: n2009028883
ISNI: 0000 0000 5947 0825
BNF: cb14771845s (data)
MusicBrainz: 570fddd9-5228-4c87-bbf9-f4eaace398b0
BNE: XX861985

This biographical article about an Italian writer or poet is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.




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Structure of GM1 ganglioside

A ganglioside is a molecule composed of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide) with one or more sialic acids (e.g. n-acetylneuraminic acid, NANA) linked on the sugar chain. NeuNAc, an acetylated derivative of the carbohydrate sialic acid, makes the head groups of gangliosides anionic at pH 7, which distinguishes them from globosides.
The name ganglioside was first applied by the German scientist Ernst Klenk in 1942 to lipids newly isolated from ganglion cells of the brain.[1] More than 60 gangliosides are known, which differ from each other mainly in the position and number of NANA residues. It is a component of the cell plasma membrane that modulates cell signal transduction events, and appears to concentrate in lipid rafts[citation needed].
Recently, gangliosides have been found to be highly important molecules in immunology. Natural and semisynthetic gangliosides are considered possible therapeutics for neurodegenerative disorders.[2]


1 Location
2 Function
3 Common gangliosides

3.1 Structures of the common gangliosides

4 Pathology
5 References
6 External links

Gangliosides are present and concentrated on cell surfaces, with the two hydrocarbon chains of the ceramide moiety embedded in the plasma membrane and the oligosaccharides located on the extracellular surface, where they present points of recognition for extracellular molecules or surfaces of neighboring cells. They are found predominantly in the nervous system where they constitute 6% of all phospholipids.[3]
The oligosaccharide groups on gangliosides extend well beyond the surfaces of the cell membranes, and act as distinguishing surface markers that can serve as specific determinants in cellular recognition and cell-to-cell communication. These carbohydrate head groups also act as specific receptors for certain pituitary glycoprotein hormones and certain bacterial protein toxins such as cholera toxin.
The functions of gangliosides as specific determinants suggest its important role in the growth and differentiation of tissues as well as in carcinogenesis. It has been found that tumor formation can induce the synthesis of a new complement of ganglioside, and very low concentr

Asota spadix

Asota spadix

Scientific classification







A. spadix

Binomial name

Asota spadix
Swinhoe, 1901


Asota ochreibasis Pagenstecher

Asota spadix is a moth of the Noctuidae family. It is found in Micronesia and the Solomon Islands.
External links[edit]

Species info

This Aganainae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.



Jack Hillman (disambiguation)

Jack Hillman was a footballer.
Jack Hillman may also refer to:

Jack Charles Hillman, Alberta politician
Jack Hillman, character in The Love Hermit

See also[edit]

John Hillman (disambiguation)

This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.


Native American disease and epidemics

Native American disease and epidemics pervade many aspects of Native American life, both throughout history and in the present day. Diseases and epidemics can be chronicled from centuries ago when European settlers brought diseases that devastated entire tribes to the modern day when Native Americans face serious struggles with particular diseases. The current crises in diseases and epidemics are addressed by many different groups, both governmental and independent, through a multitude of programs.


1 European contact
2 Disease as a weapon against Native Americans

2.1 Biological warfare during the Siege of Fort Pitt
2.2 Frequency and efficacy of biological weapon usage
2.3 Colonist accounts of smallpox effects on the native peoples

3 Contemporary diseases

3.1 Heart disease
3.2 Cancer
3.3 Diabetes
3.4 Mental health

3.4.1 Impact

3.5 Alcoholism
3.7 Stroke

4 Combating disease and epidemics

4.1 Diabetes programs

4.1.1 Governmental programs
4.1.2 Tribal Programs

4.2 HIV-AIDS Programs
4.3 Heart disease and stroke programs

5 See also
6 References
7 External links

European contact[edit]

An ill Native American in the 19th century, being cared for by a medicine man.

The arrival of Europeans ushered in what is termed the Columbian Exchange. During this period European settlers brought many different technologies and lifestyles with them; arguably the most harmful effect of this exchange was the arrival and spread of disease.[1]
Native Americans, due to the lack of prior contact with Europeans, had not previously been exposed to the diseases that were prevalent on the distant continent. Therefore, they had not built up internal immunities to the diseases or formed any medicines to combat them. Europeans came into the New World bearing various diseases. Those infected with diseases either possessed them in a dormant state or were not quarantined in such a way that distanced them enough from Native Americans not to spread the diseases, allowing them to spread into epidemics.[1]
The diseases brought by Europeans are not easily tracked, since there were numerous outbreaks and all were not equally recorded. The most notable disease brought by Europeans was smallpox. The Lakota Indians called the disease the running face sickness.[2] Smallpox was lethal to many Native Americans, bringing sweeping epidemics and affecting the same tribes repeatedly. In the summer of 1639, a smallpox epidemic struck the Huron natives in the St.